Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu was born on 5 February 1968 in Alanya. Mr. Çavuşoğlu received his Bachelor's Degree in International Relations from Ankara University in 1988 and completed his Master’s Degree in Economics at Long Island University in New York in 1991 and the Expertise Programme on European Union in the European Research Center at Ankara University in 1993.
He started a PhD Degree in International Relations at Bilkent University as a special student in 1993 and carried out research at the London School of Economics (LSE) between 1993 and 1995 with a Jean Monnet Fellowship.
Mr. Çavuşoğlu is a founding member of the Justice and Development Party (AK Party). He was elected as Member of Parliament from Antalya for the 22nd, 23rd and 24th Parliamentary Terms. He was the Vice Chairman of the AK Party in charge of Foreign Affairs between January 2013-2014 and September- December 2015. He was the Chairman of the Turkey-Japan and Turkey-USA Inter-Parliamentary Friendship Caucuses.
He took on various duties between 2003 and 2010, such as the Vice Presidency of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE), Chairmanship of the Turkish Delegation, Chairmanship of the Committee on Migration, Refugees and Population, and Chairmanship of the Sub-Committee on Tourism Development. Besides, he was the Vice-Chairman and Chief Whip of the European Democrat Group (EDG).
He was the President of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe from 2010 to 2012; he was the first Turkish Parliamentarian elected to this position. He was granted the title of Honorary President of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) on 7 April 2014.
He was the PACE Representative at the Venice Commission from 27 January 2012 to 31 January 2014.
Besides his duties in the PACE, he also served as the Chairman of the Turkish Delegation to the European Security and Defence Assembly (Assembly of Western European Union) between 2007 and 2010.
Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu served as Minister for EU Affairs and Chief Negotiator of the Republic of Turkey between 26 December 2013 and 29 August 2014.
He served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the 62nd Government of the Republic of Turkey between 29 August 2014 and 30 August 2015.
He was reappointed as the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the 64th and 65th Government of the Republic of Turkey.
Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu was appointed and took office as the first Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Presidential System of Government on 9 July 2018.